C. RAJAGOPALA CHARI - IYENGAR
Rajagopalachari was born to Chakravarti Venkataryan, and Singaramma on 10 December 1878 into a tamil brahmin iyengar family of Thorapalli salem districts.
educated at B.A central college, Bangalore, and law at presidency college chennai. In 1900 he started a legal practice that in time became prosperous. On entering politics.
He joined the Indian National Congress and participated in the agitations against the rowlatt act joining the non co-operation movement the vaikom sathya graha, and the civil disobdeience movement.
In 1930, Rajagopalachari risked imprisonment when he led the vedaranyam salt sathya graha, in response to the dandi march. In 1937, Rajagopalachari was elected Premier of the Madras Presidency and served until 1940.
In 1946, Rajagopalachari was appointed Minister of Industry, Supply, Education and Finance in the interi govern ment of india, and then as the governor of west bengal from 1947 to 1948, governor general of india from 1948 to 1950, union home minister from 1951 to 1952, and as cheif minister on madras (now tamilnadu) from 1952 to 1954.
In 1959, he resigned from the Indian National Congress and founded the Swatantra Party, which stood against the Congress in the 1962, 1967 and 1972 elections. Rajagopalachari was instrumental in setting up a united Anti-Congress front in Madras state under c.n. anna durai, which swept the 1967 elections.
pre-eminence in politics to his standing as a favourite of both Mahatma Gandhi and jawaharla nehru. Rajagopalachari was described by Gandhi as the "keeper of my conscience".
was given the highest National Award of "Bharat Ratna" in 1954